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Science Superconductors have distinct advantages in scientific applications. 
© Hyper Tech Research, Inc. 2014
Magnetic Separation Superconducting magnetic separators using NbTi operating at 4 Kelvin in liquid helium have been commercially available since the early 1980s. The primary application of superconducting magnetic separators is removing iron from kaolin clay. These systems typically operate in the 2 Tesla range. Experimental systems have also been built for various wastewater treatment demonstration projects. Higher field systems in the 2 to 5 Tesla range have been suggested for certain magnetic separation systems. Because these systems are typically large diameter bore magnets (i.e., 1 to 2 meters), they require a large amount of superconducting wire. This necessitates a low cost superconducting wire in order to be cost effective. MgB2 superconductor is a low cost wire with a wide operating temperature margin that can enable large conduction cooled magnets that operate in the 10 to 25 Kelvin range. HEP Applications A long-term goal in HEP applications is the production of an MgB2 wire that will produce engineering current densities of at least 1.2 x 105 A cm-2 at 4 Kelvin in fields of 12 to 16 Tesla. An understanding of the real niche for MgB2  in HEP is still developing. While current MgB2 is not sufficiently developed for use in high field applications, it is expected to continue to improve and does have some exciting potential. In the nearer term, high amperage distribution cables for high energy particle colliders and some magnets of muon colliders may well represent an application area for MgB2. MgB2 potentially could be in the range to satisfy several other near-term accelerator-related requirements such as in multi-pole magnets and wigglers.
Hy p er T ech Resea r ch, I n c .